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Colonization of Ilha Grande

    After the arrival of Dom Vicente da Fonseca around 1559, who was sent by the Kingdom of Portugal, to administer the place, the process of colonization of the place.

    With the advance of sugar cane cultivation, the colonization of Ilha Grande began, around 1725 to 1764, but coffee began a little later, for around 1772 and 1890. In 1803, in Freguesia de Santana, the first legal identity took place, when the illegal slave trade took hold in the region, which lasted until the moment of abolition in 1888.

    Around 1591 there was already a record of Portuguese houses in the place, when Anthony Knivet, arrived at the place aboard a corsair fleet, already at the time Antony registered that there were some constructions where one of them was on the bat beach where the Spanish pirate Juan Lorenzo lived, and that this construction still exists today, but on a private property, not being able to have a visit to the public.

    In the Palmas cove, 14 houses were also recorded that were scattered between Praia dos Mangues, Praia do Pouso and Aroeira.

    In Abraão cove, 2 houses were recorded, spread across Praia Preta, Praia da Júlia and Bica.

  In Enseada das Palmas, 14 houses were identified that were distributed in Praia Grande das Palmas, in Praia dos Mangues there were 7 houses, in Praia Grande do Pouso and 1 in Praia das Aroeiras. There were 14 buildings and 2 stood out with much larger proportions than the others, one located on Praia Grande das Palmas and another on Praia do Pouso.

   In the Estrela cove there were the largest number of houses, which reached up to 24 houses, between mills and houses, which were between Feiticeira beach, Iguaçu, Camiranga , Praia de Fora and Perequê, some of these buildings still have some ruins that can be seen on the beach. It can be considered that the colonization of Ilha Grande was between 1700 and 1800.

    Ilha Grande was divided into 3 large farms, where on the black beach

   These records confirm the interest in the colonization of Ilha Grande, and many products were taken to Europe, mainly coffee._cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf578d_ -5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_    Passing the culture the slave trade, since they were not successful in enslaving the Indians.

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